Web development: diving into the world of website creation

by our Web Agency Optimize 360

Web development is now an essential area for any company, association or individual wishing to have a presence on the web.

But what is web development? What skills do you need to get into this sector and create high-performance, attractive applications or websites?

In this article, we help you to better understand the world of web development.

Web development

What is web development?

Le web development is a discipline that encompasses all the activities involved in creating, designing, putting online and marketing maintenance of a website or web application.

This can range from the creation of a simple static page (composed solely of text and images) to the creation of interactive sites with databases and advanced user interfaces.

The different stages of web development

To fully understand the different aspects of web development, it is useful to know the main stages of a web project:

  1. Needs analysis Development: the development team must first determine the objectives and expected functionalities of the site or application to be developed.
  2. Design Once the first stage has been completed, the developers draw up the design and technical architecture of the websitein line with the needs expressed above.
  3. Development Programming: web developers then work on programming and writing the code needed to implement the site's functionalities.
  4. Testing and integration Before putting the site online, it is crucial to test that it works properly and to integrate the graphic elements created by the designers.
  5. Going into production Development: once the project has been finalised, the developers put the site or application online. This stage generally requires a good knowledge of web servers and hosts.
  6. Maintenance and upgrading Finally, a good web developer must be able to maintain his work and develop it in line with user needs and new technologies.

These different stages are often carried out in collaboration with other professionals such as designers, project managers, community managers or specialists. SEO.

The skills required for web development

In the field of web development, certain technical skills and methodologies are essential:

  • Mastery of programming languages It is essential for a web developer to master the main computer languages used in web development, such as HTML, CSS, JavaScriptPHP and Python.
  • Knowledge of frameworks and libraries Frameworks and libraries (e.g. jQuery, Bootstrap) are invaluable tools for increasing productivity and avoiding the repetition of certain tasks.
  • Understanding responsive design and accessibility A good web developer must be able to design websites and applications that are accessible to all users, whatever their screen size or physical ability.
  • Project management skills You need to be able to plan, organise and monitor the various stages of development, while respecting deadlines and budgets.
  • Knowing how to work in a team Web development is often a collaborative activity. It is therefore essential to know how to communicate, share knowledge and accept criticism if we are to make collective progress.

Types of web developers

There are different profiles for web developers, depending on their technical expertise and areas of application:

The front-end developer

This professional is mainly responsible for creating user interfaces for websites and applications. To do this, they master languages such as HTML, CSS and JavaScript, as well as graphic design tools such as Adobe Photoshop, Sketch and Figma. Their main aim is to create user interfaces that are pleasant, intuitive and adapted to different screen sizes.

The back-end developer

The back-end developer is in charge of the "behind the scenes" part of the site or application. In particular, they manage interactions between the server and the database, as well as everything to do with the site's security and performance. To do this, they need to master various languages such as PHP, Java, Python, Ruby and SQL.

The full-stack developer

As the name suggests, a full-stack developer has both front-end and back-end skills. They are therefore capable of managing an entire web project, from graphic design to online launch and maintenance. Becoming a full-stack developer is no mean feat, as it requires a solid background in both front-end and back-end development. training and a lot of practice.

Training in web development

There are several ways to train in web development:

  • The training university These range from a DUT in computer science to professional degrees and specialist Masters. These courses generally offer solid technical and theoretical training.
  • Computer science schools Web development: these private establishments offer degree courses from Bac+3 to Bac+5 on an initial, sandwich or distance learning basis. Some specialise in web development (e.g. Epitech).
  • MOOCs and other online courses Web development: many sites offer video or interactive training courses to help you learn the basics and progress in web development. Examples include OpenClassrooms, Udemy and Coursera.
  • Learning on your own Web development: web development is a field in which it is entirely possible to learn by yourself, thanks to the many tutorials and resources available on the web. However, this method requires a great deal of discipline and patience.

Whatever you choose, the important thing is to practise regularly to develop your skills and build up a portfolio of projects to present at job interviews or at prospecting if you are considering freelance work.

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