GTmetrix: An essential SEO tool for your website

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GTmetrics


The loading time of web pages is a key factor in the performance and ranking of a site.

GTmetrix is an SEO tool that allows you to analyse the loading speed and propose solutions for improvement.

In this article, we define GTmetrix and describe its main features for optimising your page load times.

GTmetrics

What is GTmetrix?

GTmetrix is an online tool designed to measure and optimise the loading speed of web pages.

Not only does it provide information on your site's loading speed, it also makes recommendations on possible improvements to comply with web best practice.

It is therefore essential to use it to improve your SEO and offer the best possible service. user experience possible for its visitors.

Operation and parameters analysed by GTmetrix

GTmetrix is easy to use: just enter the URL of the web page you want to analyse in the field provided. The tool then performs a test and generates a detailed report comprising several sections:

  1. Overall performance : This section summarises the results in two scores: the Performance Score and the Structure Score. They are calculated from the data collected by the YSlow and PageSpeed Insights (de Google), respectively. A grade is awarded ranging from A (good) to F (poor). Based on these scores, it is crucial to improve the sub-optimised aspects of your site.

  2. Loading speed : This is the time elapsed between the request for the page and its complete display. The shorter the time, the better the user experience. GTmetrix calculates loading time based on several parameters, such as the number of objects loaded, the total transfer time and the weight of the various resources (images, scripts, etc.).

  3. Waterline : This term refers to the content visible without having to scroll down the page (also known as "above the fold"). A long delay before visible content loads can have a negative impact on the user experience and SEO. The tool therefore offers advice on how to optimise the waterline, in particular by delaying the loading of resources that are not essential for the initial display.

  4. List of recommendations : The list of recommendations identifies any problems detected during the analysis. Each item indicates a potential impact and an improvement priority (from low to critical).

  5. History : If you have carried out several tests on the same web page, GTmetrix keeps a history of the results obtained so that you can measure your progress and adjust your actions according to their effectiveness.

How can I improve loading speed with GTmetrix?

To help you make the most of the information provided by GTmetrix, here are a few tips for optimising the loading speed of your web pages:

  • Reduce the weight of resources : Minimise image size and compress files CSS and JavaScript. Also use server- and browser-side caching systems to minimise HTTP requests.

  • Optimising the rendering of web pages : Improve the page layout typography and design elements to reduce loading time. Also distribute CSS scripts and styles over several files to reduce their impact on initial loading.

  • Use a CDN (Content Delivery Network) : A CDN is a content distribution network that enables web pages to be served quickly to users according to their geographical location or browsing preferences. By integrating a CDN into your site, you can considerably reduce network latency and speed up the loading of your pages.

Improve waterline display

The priority is to load the visible content quickly as soon as the page is opened so as not to penalise the user and your SEO. To achieve this, you can :

  • Defer loading of non-essential resources: First load the essential elements for correct page display (text, images, etc.), then load the secondary resources (ads, iframes, videos).

  • Use appropriate image sizes : Adapt your images to users' screen sizes to prevent them from downloading files that are too large. Working on this aspect will considerably improve loading times.

Finally, bear in mind that GTmetrix draws up a list of specific recommendations for each report.

These suggestions are prioritised and can be easily implemented thanks to the detailed advice and instructions associated with them.

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